War of Independence

Many people regard the abortive 1916 Rising as the start of the War of Independence. In West Tipperary and East Limerick, however, the ambush at Soloheadbeg on 21st.January 1919 is regarded by most people as the real start of the War. From there on many incidents such as ambushes and reprisals took place in this guerrilla type warfare. The British in 1920 set up a body of police that became known as the “Black and Tans”, so called because of their motley uniform. By the end of 1921, there were 9,000 of this much hated force. Their pay was ten shillings per day. The War ended when the Treaty was signed on 6th December 1921 and the Partition of Ireland became a permanent feature.

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